ICAP is grateful for the strength and dedication of Olesya, Dinara, and Yelena, for serving to to interrupt down stigma and discrimination towards HIV and habit in Central Asia, and enabling a brighter future. The personal contact with a group well being care employee also permits a trusting relationship and specific support for patients with further well being wants, similar to those that inject medication, who have tuberculosis, or who are pregnant or breastfeeding. In the ICAP-supported East-Kazakhstan Oblast AIDS Center, nonetheless, women make up a exceptional 90 % of the medical specialist staff. In Kazakhstan, women hold two-thirds of all medical positions, with an identical proportion in neighboring Tajikistan and the Kyrgyz Republic.

The university impressed some of us with over an acre of planned solar panel space. The mechanical engineers among us got to work together with an equally spectacular robot that recognized signal language. We visited the old and new capital of Kazakhstan, Astana and Almaty. Kazakhstan can also be identified for being the place of birth for apples, and the people’s love for his or her horses.

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Because statistical analysis is quantitative in nature, it could generally obscure essential qualitative findings in research like mine. However, as a result of I am performing statistical evaluation on inherently qualitative information, it could possibly really help reveal bigger patterns that will have in any other case been lost or overlooked in a purely qualitative analysis. It is necessary to note, nonetheless, that regardless of precautions, it is likely that my Western-primarily based understanding of gender roles may have influenced my analysis of those sources. I used the identical codebook to analyze billboard ads, which I took pictures of while strolling round downtown Almaty . The billboards might advertise something, however they had to function a human character in some way. Billboards differ from magazines in that they target a much larger and broader viewers, whereas the magazines generally goal a specific gender and kind of individual. I analyzed a complete of eighty-nine images from magazines and billboards.

The Refugee Status Determination outlines procedures and entry to authorities companies, together with the best to be legally registered and issued official documents. The Department of Migration Police in the Ministry of Internal Affairs conducts status dedication procedures. Any particular person seeking asylum in the country has access to the asylum procedure.

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Biological outcomes are assessed at baseline, 6 and 12 months post-intervention. Follow up assessments will begin in month 15 and the ultimate 12 month follow up might be accomplished in month fifty one. For Aim four, we will conduct a qualitative research on women’s expertise with every of the HIVRR+MF elements, and the unique impression of research situations on structural elements related to danger amongst FSW-PWID. For Aim 5, we will gather value knowledge associated to every intervention component every 6 months from months 6-50. Data analyses will start in year 5 followed by dissemination of findings.

The 2011 Enterprise Survey’s nation observe on Kazakhstan says women have been homeowners or part-owners of 34.4 p.c of the country’s businesses and 28 % of manufacturing firms held women possession. These professionals apply what they already had realized from working with families impacted by home violence or human trafficking. They try to help the kid and women returnees who are severely traumatized from warfare, from residing in the self-styled “Islamic State,” and from household violence. They get children kazakh woman in class, get jobs for the mothers, and encourage their households and communities to simply accept them. Repatriation is a significant take a look at of how governments and civil society can work together to manage adults and children who probably current national safety dangers, now and sooner or later, and how to do so within communities, not in detention. This RCT will be performed with 520 FSW-PWID recruited from 2 NGOs, one every in Temirtau and Pavlodar, Kazakhstan.

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After insisting for about quarter-hour, the border guard finally stamped me out of the country. Elsewhere, I needed to get by on my Russian, but people had been generally helpful and type. I discovered Almaty a very easy place to make local pals – many people use Couchsurfing to meet travellers, and so they’re very eager to practice their English. I additionally went on an area journey with a company called Steppe Spirit, the place quite a few folks spoke great English.

Human rights organizations have access to prisoners through the framework of the National Preventative Mechanism against Torture. Judges exerted strain on jurors and will easily dissolve a panel of jurors for perceived disobedience of their orders. The legislation has no mechanism for holding judges answerable for such actions.

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In January 2017 a southern regional courtroom cancelled the registration of the Confederation of the Independent Trade Unions of Kazakhstan , ordering its liquidation and removing from the national register. The Federation of Trade Unions of the Republic of Kazakhstan is the successor to state-sponsored Soviet-era labor organizations and the largest nationwide trade union affiliation, with approximately ninety percent of union members on its rolls. The government exercised appreciable affect on organized labor and favored state-affiliated unions over independent ones. Critics charged that the FTUK was too close to the government to advocate for staff successfully, was biased in favor of enormous employers and oligarchs, and that the regulation helped the FTUK in its unfair competitors in opposition to impartial labor unions. Although there were no government statistics on discrimination or violence primarily based on sexual orientation or gender id, there have been reports of such actions.

There are so many police and so many various models that it is often that jurisdiction is unclear. The sturdy sense of community, with neighbors looking for one another, acts as a deterrent in opposition to crime. Civic training and accountable citizenry is emphasised in schools, and the colleges work carefully with local communities in this space. The president, Nursultan Nazarbayev, was the top Communist leader of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic when the Soviet Union disbanded in 1991. After independence, Nazarbayev was simply elected president in November 1991.

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The number of HIV infected women was estimated to fewer than 500 and of these 47 (9%) obtained antiretroviral therapy for PMTCT . In Kazakhstan, individuals are estimated to live with HIV/AIDS which implies a prevalence of zero.1–zero.2% . The HIV epidemic is strongly concentrated to susceptible populations, like injecting drug users, intercourse workers and prisoners. In addition to those teams, the epidemic is spreading among other weak groups like youth, migrants and truck drivers. About three-quarters of the new HIV diagnoses is among unemployed folks.